What is Sleep Apnea? – Fort Worth, TX
Are You Suffering From Sleep Apnea?
As it does every morning, your alarm goes off, and as you do every morning, you can’t hit the snooze button fast enough. No matter how much you sleep at night, it just never seems to be enough. You wake up tired, stay tired, and all you can think about is going to bed despite the fact that it doesn’t seem to actually work. What is causing this?
This kind of persistent exhaustion is a very common symptom of sleep apnea, the second most prevalent sleep disorder in the world. It’s believed to affect about 22 million Americans every night, and that number is expected to grow as time goes on. Is this the underlying reason for your sleeping issues? Read on below to learn more about sleep apnea and what can be done about it.
Why Choose Fort Worth Snoring & Sleep Center for Sleep Apnea Treatment?
- 30+ yrs. experience dedicated to snoring, sleep apnea and TMJ solutions
- Dr. Mitch Conditt has OSA and wears an oral appliance every night
- Dr. Conditt is Board Certified in dental sleep medicine
What is Sleep Apnea?
Sleep apnea is a condition where a person experiences brief but frequent stoppages in breathing while they sleep. Most of the time, this is due to the soft tissues in the mouth and throat relaxing into and blocking the airway, which is known as obstructive sleep apnea, or OSA. Another kind is called central sleep apnea, or CSA, in which the brain literally stops telling the body to breathe during sleep. Most of the time the person has no idea any of this is happening.
When these stoppages happen, the body immediately goes into panic mode and partially wakes up in order to restore normal respiration. This can happen up to 100 times an hour, and most patients don’t remember these disturbances the next morning. As a result, the sleep cycle is interrupted, again and again, preventing someone from getting the deep, restful sleep they need to feel awake and focused the next day. Most people have no idea this happens while they sleep and many have none of the restless sleep symptoms the next day. This is why so many people with sleep apnea have not been diagnosed. Some people have no symptoms other than snoring.
Sleep Apnea Symptoms
People with sleep apnea usually experience some or all of the following symptoms:
- Loud, chronic snoring
- Daytime exhaustion despite getting 7-9 hours of sleep
- Frequent headaches & sore throats in the morning
- Waking up gasping for air or out of breath
- Trouble focusing on or remembering things (“Brain fog”)
- Issues with weight gain/losing weight
- Mood swings/depression
- Sexual dysfunction
Snoring often doesn’t just affect the person doing it, but the people around them as well, leading to strained relationships and tired mornings all around. If you or a loved one snore, Dr. Conditt can provide a sleep appliance that’s guaranteed to deliver a whisper quiet night of rest. These appliances are able to work the very first night, and they can quickly increase a patient’s sleep quality, leading to a well-rested and much happier household overall.
The Dangers of Sleep Apnea
People with sleep apnea are almost always sleep deprived, and this can have dire consequences for their long-term health.
Drivers who are sleepy are almost TWICE as likely to get into a motor vehicle accident as those who are under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Job performance can easily suffer due to brain fog, and a loss of control of mood regulation can quickly put a strain on both personal and professional relationships.
Sleep apnea is also very stressful on the heart. When the breathing is stopped, the heart has to work extra hard to move oxygenated blood throughout the body, which causes blood pressure to skyrocket. This increase in blood pressure can remain for many hours even after normal breathing has been restored, basically meaning that a person develops constant hypertension, which is the leading cause of serious problems like heart attack and stroke.
What Causes Sleep Apnea?
One of the biggest influences on whether or not a person has sleep apnea is the anatomy of their airway. Airways can be big, small, narrow, wide, flexible, rigid, and so on. As you can imagine, a smaller and less flexible airway is much easier to become blocked.
Issues like nasal congestion due to a deviated septum or allergies can lead to sleep apnea. And, by far, the most common preventable cause of sleep apnea is obesity. Having a large amount of tissue located around the throat can make it much easier for the airway to collapse during sleep.
Other lifestyle factors like smoking and alcohol consumption before bed can also make a person more likely to develop sleep apnea as well.
How Is Sleep Apnea Diagnosed?
Most of the time, the breathing cessations associated with sleep apnea are first observed by a bed partner. However, in order to get a proper diagnosis, a patient must undergo what is called a sleep study.
This is a medical test where a patient sleeps in a lab while wearing numerous monitoring devices that observe their blood/oxygen saturation, brain waves, breathing pattern, and so on. It creates a readout that a sleep doctor can use to determine whether or not a patient has sleep apnea.
For a patient who believes that they might have sleep apnea, Dr. Conditt can perform an initial exam at an appointment, and if he believes it’s necessary, he will refer a patient to one of his partner sleep labs.
How Can Sleep Apnea Be Treated?
The most popular form of sleep apnea treatment is called CPAP therapy, in which a patient wears a facial mask to bed that is connected to an air pump. The machine keeps the airway open throughout the night by providing a steady flow of oxygen into the mouth and throat.
A more conservative method that patients tend to find more comfortable is called oral appliance therapy, in which a patient wears a specially-made mouthguard to bed that slightly repositions the jaw to keep the airway unobstructed.
The third method is corrective surgery, which is usually recommended only for patients whose sleep apnea is caused by a physical blockage in their airway, such as large tonsils, adenoids. Orthognathic surgery may also be an option.
When you come to see Dr. Conditt, he’ll discuss all of your treatment options and answer any questions you might have. He has the training to provide you with a custom-made oral appliance himself, as he has successfully done for many other patients as well as himself. And, if you end up using a CPAP machine and find it to be uncomfortable (as do many patients), he may be able to provide an oral appliance as a viable alternative. He can also design an oral appliance to work with a CPAP machine for combined therapy.
How We Can Help
We know that we just threw a lot of information at you, but if you remember anything from this page, know that Fort Worth Snoring & Sleep Center is ready and able to help you start getting better sleep. If you believe that you or a loved one might be suffering from sleep apnea, we invite you to schedule an appointment at our office. Dr. Mitch Conditt will give you a brief exam to see if you’re at risk for sleep apnea, and then he can refer you to a sleep lab to get a diagnosis. From there, he and your sleep doctor can help you figure out the appropriate treatment. Fort Worth Snoring & Sleep Center will be with you every step of the way to make this process nice and easy.
To learn more about sleep apnea, your treatment options, or to schedule an appointment, contact us today.